Monthly Archives: June 2009

Pentecostal Tribalism

I think one of the great dangers of religion is that it mixes an absolute faith with innate tribalism, thus creating the insider/outside divide–only this divide is sanctioned by God.

Every religious group fosters tribalism to some extent or other. And certainly it’s not a phenomenon that is confined to just religious groups — ask any ardent fan of any sports team! The problem is that religious tribalism brings a conviction that god is on your side and  sanctions your actions. And that’s when it gets dangerous. Just think George W. Bush.

Here’s a snappy version of Pentecostal tribalism. Note the reference to people from other churches coming to the Pentecostal one because their churches are “dead.” We have life, you don’t. We have the Spirit of God, you don’t. We are Apostolic in every way, you aren’t.

The unrecognized and resolutely denied arrogance in all of this drives me crazy! Especially when religious people tell those of us who are Atheists that we are the arrogant ones! 🙂

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The improbablility of my life . . . and yours.

To live at all is miracle enough.

— Mervyn Peake,The Glassblower (1950)

It is immensely improbable that I exist.

Consider that the sperm that united with the ovum in my mother was 1 of approximately 50 million (from the research I conducted, this is a conservative number) that were all engaged in the race for survival. Mine won.

One in 50 MILLION! What odds against my existence.

But it’s so much more improbable than that. Because the odds that my dad existed are also 1 in 50 million.

So, already, we have raised the odds of my unique existence to 1 in 2.5 × 1015 (that’s 2,5oo,ooo,ooo,o00,000). And that’s only going back two generations. Considering the vast number of generations that predate my existence, the odds of me being here are preposterously, stupendously, gargantuanly improbable.

And yet here I am.

What am I to make of the fact I exist in spite of the enormous improbability of that fact?

I have three responses: wonder, humility, and reverence.

How do you respond?

Here’s a less reverential response:

Unique

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Now THIS Might Get Me to Go Back to Church

This article from the Telegraph reveals an interesting tactic that the Church of England is using to lure men back to church.

It just might work….

_______________________

CHURCH BLESSES FATHER WITH BEERS

Bottles of beer will be given to fathers who attend church, in an alternative “blessing” for Father’s Day.

By Jonathan Wynne-Jones, Religious Affairs Correspondent
Published: 9:00PM BST 20 Jun 2009

The Church has also published resources for clergy to use to hold special Fathers’ Day services, including prayers for children to thank their fathers.

Some churches are trying to lure men back with the offer of free food. St Michael’s, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, is holding a Hog Roast on the church forecourt and St Mary’s, Arnold, Nottingham, will serve bacon rolls as men arrive at its service.

A survey conducted by Opinion Business Research (ORB) found that less than a fifth of men claim to attend some type of church service once a month, compared with more than a quarter of women.

The bishop said that the Church was keen to support fathers and “to do everything possible to encourage them to take their responsibility very seriously.”

A senior bishop has backed the move, which is part of a Church of England initiative to put a Christian emphasis on the annual celebration of fatherhood.

Concerns over the lack of men attending services year-round has led clergy to offer a range of incentives today, including free beer, bacon rolls and chocolate bars.

It is the first time that the Church has attempted to treat Fathers’ Day in the same way as Mothering Sunday, which has traditionally formed part of its calendar.

The plan to distribute ale has upset groups working to tackle alchohol abuse, but the Rt Rev John Inge, the Bishop of Worcester, said that it could help churches to attract more men.

He argued that the free beer was intended to be symbolic of “the generosity of God”.

Men at St Stephen’s church in Barbourne, Worcester, will be handed bottles of beer by children during the service. A prayer will be said for the fathers before the gifts are distributed.

The Ven Roger Morris, archdeacon of Worcester, who will be leading the service at St Stephen’s today, said that it was a practical way of sending a message to fathers.

“I don’t see any other time that we can stop and remember fathers, and this is a gesture saying ‘Here’s something that will bless you,'” he said.

“Posies of flowers are given to mums on Mothering Sunday and we wanted to give a laddish, blokeish gift to the men. A bottle of beer hits the mark. The whole of life is to be celebrated in church.”

However, Don Shenker, chief executive of Alcohol Concern, criticised the Church, claiming that it was acting irresponsibly.

“Bearing in mind the country is facing rising health harms from its high level of alcohol consumption, anyone in a position of authority or respect should perhaps think twice about promoting alcohol to the public,” he said.

Bishop Inge said that it was wrong to claim that the move would encourage alcholism, and encouraged churches to use it as a way to reach out to men.

“Jesus created a lot more wine at a point in the party when some thought that there had already been enough drinking. He was all in favour of partying,” the bishop said.

“We give wine away every Sunday, so giving away beer could be said to going downmarket a bit, but it’s an attempt to speak of God’s generosity.

“It’s something that could be used as part of a service to encourage fathers to come. Once they are in church, hopefully they will be challenged by the deeper questions around fatherhood.”

"Ah, beer."

"Ah, beer."

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I’m NOT the centre of the universe?????

This is a very cool youtube video about the relative sizes of things in this wonderful universe in which we live.

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The Oprah-fication of Medicine

The Toronto Star carried an interesting article today about the negative impact Oprah is having on medical practice. Well worth the read. You may want to cancel your subscription to O magazine. : )
IS OPRAH WINFREY GIVING US BAD MEDICINE?
By giving a platform to disciples of dubious medical practices, a well-intentioned Oprah Winfrey has made herself a force for ill, writes a U.S. doctor, alarmed by the ‘Oprah-fication’ of medicine.
Jun 07, 2009 04:30 AM

David Gorski

Special to the Star

We’ve all speculated about why the anti-scientific emotion-based notion that vaccines somehow must cause autism persists in spite of mountains of evidence to the contrary, but I think the question goes much deeper than that. The anti-vaccine movement is but one of the most visible components of a much deeper problem in our public discourse, a problem that values feelings and personal experience over evidence, compelling stories and anecdotes over science.

I’m referring to the Oprah-fication of medicine. Why Oprah? you may ask. I’m happy to tell you. Oprah Winfrey has been the host of the

Here is "the perfect face to put on the problem that we supporters of science-based medicine face," writes Dr. David Gorski. He says Oprah uses her influence in aid of "what can only be characterized as dubious medical therapies at best and quackery at worst." (Dec. 5, 2008)

Here is "the perfect face to put on the problem that we supporters of science-based medicine face," writes Dr. David Gorski. He says Oprah uses her influence in aid of "what can only be characterized as dubious medical therapies at best and quackery at worst." (Dec. 5, 2008)

highest-rated syndicated talk show in television history. She has developed a media empire that few single individuals can match or beat. Clearly, she is a talented and savvy TV host and businesswoman.

Unfortunately, Oprah displays as close to no critical-thinking skills when it comes to science and medicine as I’ve ever seen, and uses the vast influence her TV show and media empire give her in order to subject the world to her special brand of mystical New Age thinking and belief in various forms of what can only be characterized as dubious medical therapies at best and quackery at worst.

Naturally, Oprah doesn’t see it that way, and likely no one could ever convince her of the malign effect she has on the national zeitgeist with respect to science and medicine.

Consequently, whether fair or unfair, she represents the perfect face to put on the problem that we supporters of science-based medicine face when trying to get the message out to the average reader about unscientific medical practices, and that’s why I am referring to the pervasiveness of pseudoscience infiltrating medicine as the “Oprah-fication” of medicine.

Over the years, Oprah has promoted a wide variety of pseudoscience and mysticism on her show. Indeed, just last week, Newsweek ran a long article entitled “Live Your Best Life Ever! Wish Away Cancer! Get A Lunchtime Face-Lift! Eradicate Autism! Turn Back The Clock! Thin Your Thighs! Cure Menopause! Harness Positive Energy! Erase Wrinkles! Banish Obesity! Live Your Best Life Ever!” It reveals just how forcefully Oprah and her credulous belief in New Age nonsense are reflected in her show.

It starts with the example of Suzanne Somers, who in January appeared on Oprah to talk about what she does to stay young. As Newsweek (whose story merits quoting) reported, “Each morning, the 62-year-old actress and self-help author rubs a potent estrogen cream into the skin on her arm. She smears progesterone on her other arm two weeks a month. And once a day, she uses a syringe to inject estrogen directly into her vagina.”

The article continues, “The idea is to use these unregulated `bio-identical’ hormones to restore her levels to what they were when she was in her 30s, thus fooling her body into thinking she’s a younger woman.” It is noted that Somers claims the hormones, synthesized from plants, are natural and risk free; Newsweek’s writer rightly takes issue with the last point. Somers told Oprah that every day she takes some 60 vitamin pills – 40 supplements in the morning, 20 more before going to bed. She begins the day with injections of vitamin B12, the human growth hormone and, Newsweek reports, “wears `nanotechnology patches’ to help her sleep, lose weight and promote `overall detoxification.'” After drinking wine she boosts her liver by taking vitamin C intravenously; Somers has chelation therapy to clean her blood if she breathes cigarette smoke.

The actress makes remarkable claims for hormones’ ability to aid the human body. “I know I look like some kind of freak and fanatic,” she is quoted saying. “But I want to be there until I’m 110, and I’m going to do what I have to do to get there.” By Newsweek’s account, “That was apparently good enough for Oprah. `Many people write Suzanne off as a quackadoo,’ she said. `But she just might be a pioneer… ‘ ”

Oprah’s show gave doctors several chances to respond, but they were in the audience while Somers, Newsweek reports, sat onstage with Oprah, who defended her. Oprah is quoted saying “Suzanne swears by bioidenticals and refuses to keep quiet.”

I’ve known for a while that Somers promotes so-called “bioidentical hormones.” I’ve also realized that it is the height of stupidity for a woman who has survived breast cancer to pump herself full of estrogen in the futile and pathetic quest to reclaim her lost youth. It’s just begging for a recurrence of her breast cancer. Somers epitomizes the cliché of “I’d rather be lucky than good.” Either that, or her cancer was estrogen receptor-negative, but even in that case it’s definitely pushing her luck to be bathing in “bioidentical” estrogens.

Oprah, reported Newsweek, “told her audience that she found Somers’s bestselling books on bioidentical hormones `fascinating’ and said `every woman should read’ what she has to say. She didn’t stop there. Oprah said that although she has never had a hot flash, after reading Somers she decided to go on bioidenticals herself. `After one day on bioidentical estrogen, I felt the veil lift,’ she wrote in O, The Oprah Magazine. `After three days, the sky was bluer, my brain was no longer fuzzy, my memory was sharper. I was literally singing and had a skip in my step.’ On the show, Oprah had her own word of warning for the medical establishment: `We have the right to demand a better quality of life for ourselves,’ she said. `And that’s what doctors have got to learn to start respecting.'”

That statement epitomizes the attitude that infuses The Oprah Winfrey Show when it comes to medical issues and science. Anecdotes trump science, and scientists should “respect” pseudoscience because of feelings and a desire for “quality of life.” Indeed, these are exactly the attitudes that permeate the Complementary and Alternative Care movement and the anti-vaccine movement.

But Somers says it’s mainstream medicine that doesn’t have the facts. “`The problem is that our medical schools do not teach this,'” she is quoting saying in a February interview in Newsweek.

It reported that Somers “believes doctors, scientists and the media are all in the pocket of the pharmaceutical industry,” and that “Billions are spent on marketing drugs, and these companies also support academic research.” Without such conflicts, “Somers can see things clearly. `I have spent thousands of hours on this. I’ve written 18 books on health. I know my stuff.'”

No, Somers does not know her stuff. Writing books is no guarantee that she “knows her stuff,” particularly given that she clearly does not understand science and cherry-picks references to support her viewpoint, ignoring those that do not. Somers also thinks her self-taught knowledge trumps the understanding of scientists who have dedicated their lives to studying such questions deeply.

The absolute worst of Oprah’s protégées is the celebrity spokesmodel for the anti-vaccine movement, Jenny McCarthy. Beginning in the fall of 2007, McCarthy, characterized as having “warrior spirit” and as a “warrior mom,” has been a regular guest on Oprah, where she’s been given more or less free rein to spread her gospel of vaccines causing autism and her claims that biomedical quackery can “cure” or “recover” autistic children.

McCarthy’s promotion of anti-vaccine propaganda and pseudoscience is, quite simply, so egregious and such a threat to public health that even the Oprah-friendly (or Oprah-intimidated) media has become alarmed.

Reporters have tried to get a statement from Oprah. From an article on a recent TV documentary, The Oprah Effect:

“Asked if Oprah or her show endorses McCarthy’s views, a representative for Oprah’s program said, `We don’t take positions on the opinions of our guests. Rather, we offer a platform for guests to share their first-person stories in an effort to inform the audience and put a human face on topics relevant to them.’ When McCarthy’s views have been discussed on the air, statements from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics saying that there’s no scientific evidence of a vaccine-autism link have been read.”

And from the Newsweek cover story:

“She declined to be interviewed for this article, but in a statement she said, `The guests we feature often share their first-person stories in an effort to inform the audience and put a human face on topics relevant to them. I’ve been saying for years that people are responsible for their actions and their own well-being. I believe my viewers understand the medical information presented on the show is just that – information – not an endorsement or prescription. Rather, my intention is for our viewers to take the information and engage in a dialogue with their medical practitioners about what may be right for them.'”In other words, Oprah washes her hands of responsibility for spreading misinformation under the guise of trusting her audience to be able to distinguish good advice from bad advice.

It apparently matters not that McCarthy’s claims are based on her belief in autism quackery and anti-vaccine pseudoscience. All that matters is that, by her own narrative, McCarthy has “triumphed” over the odds for the sake of her son. The compelling personal story of “empowerment” thus trumps science, and the only “balance” Oprah feels compelled to provide is a dry statement from the CDC and AAP. Philosopher and ethicist (not to mention blogger) Janet Stemwedel asks:

“Is it acceptable to give any guest you please a soapbox without taking a position on the opinions they voice from that soapbox? Is reading official statements from the CDC and AAP enough `balance’ to Jenny McCarthy’s views on vaccines …?

“And, if Oprah and her producers are aware of the Oprah effect (which, really, they have to be, right?), should that awareness of their reach lead them to try to meet a higher ethical standard as far as the foreseeable consequences for giving Jenny McCarthy a soapbox?”

I have two answers to those questions: my answers in an ideal world and my answer in the real world. In an ideal world, my answers would be:

No, simply reading an official statement from the CDC and AAP as “balance” to Jenny McCarthy’s idiotic and dangerous views on vaccines, which have led her to a know-nothing activism based on the arrogance of ignorance that is already eroding faith in vaccines. She uses emotion and her son to argue falsely that vaccines cause autism and that various quackery “cured” him (and, by inference, can cure other children with autism, too). Reading a dry statement from the CDC is utterly useless in combating this message. It is nothing more than what I like to call the “token skeptic” who trots out the skeptical viewpoint briefly in a formulaic method.

“Balance,” after all, implies that there is enough scientific validity to a view that it is somewhere on the same planet with science. There is no “balance” between Jenny McCarthy and scientists. Jenny McCarthy is, quite simply, completely wrong about vaccines and autism. “Balance” is a sham used by promoters of pseudoscience and quackery to claim a legitimacy that they don’t deserve.

In the real world, unfortunately, my answer would be this: If it gets ratings, it interests Oprah. If it fits into her apparent “spiritual” world view, it’s all good to her. If it fits in with the “alternative” medical beliefs of her audience, she likes it. If it provides a message of “empowerment” (whether real or not), it is good.

The bottom line is that, when it comes to medicine and science, she is a force for ill. Her intentions may be the best in the world, but that is only why she is the living embodiment of the cliché that the road to hell is paved with good intentions. That’s especially true when that same road is also paved with no mental filter of critical thinking to keep out nonsense. With great power comes great responsibility, indeed.

Unfortunately, given the infiltration of quackery into academic medicine, I’m having a hard time determining if Oprah is a symptom or one of the causes of the rise of pseudoscience and quackery over science-based medicine.

David Gorski is a surgical oncologist specializing in breast cancer and an associate professor of surgery at the Wayne State University School of Medicine based at the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute.

This story is adapted from a longer piece on sciencebasedmedicine.org.

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